Building record MYO1063 - St Leonard's Hospital Undercroft, gate passage and chapel above (adjacent to Library Square and York Central Library)


This site originally held St Peter’s Hospital, which was renamed St Leonard’s Hospital. The hospital was located to the West of the Minster (see SE65SW335). The building was constructed by William Rufus under Augustinian rule and became one of the greatest of all the English hospitals. The remains are scheduled and consist of a building believed to be the ambulatory and chapel, in early 13th century style, and a small remnant of undercroft (temps. William II) preserved under the Theatre Royal. Part of the boundary wall in the garden of the Conservative Club and behind St. Wilfrid's Church is said to have been visible in 1955. See G.Ps AO 63/114/4, 5 & 6 for illustrations of the hospital remains. One small section of the boundary wall incorporated into the modern building line, survives at SE 6014 5215.


Grid reference Centred SE 6004 5205 (28m by 31m)
Map sheet SE65SW
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire


Type and Period (4)

Full Description

Ruined remains of chapel, infirmary and entrance passage of St Leonard's Hospital. c1240. Magnesian limestone.

EXTERIOR: 2-storey 2-bay undercroft and chapel; 4x3-bay undercroft and 4-bay entrance passage beneath infirmary. Chapel front towards Library Square: 2-storey buttressed gable end on chamfered plinth. Right return has C20 battened panel door in chamfered doorway with 2-centred head and hoodmould on moulded imposts. Undercroft has splayed lancet windows on each side. Chapel gable end has triple lancet window beneath moulded hood originally on detached shafts of which moulded bases and capitals survive: windows on both returns have 2-centred heads, corbel stopped hoods and continuous sillstrings. In gable apex is cusped oculus in chevron moulded surround.

INTERIOR: not accessible. Infirmary undercroft doorway to left of chapel similar to chapel doorway. Undercroft vaulted in chamfered ribs springing from octagonal piers with moulded bases and capitals or from moulded corbels. Windows at rear are rectangular with splayed surrounds on the outside, shouldered inside. Entrance passage arches at each end are semicircular: outer end to Museum Gardens is of 3 orders, the inner chamfered: right side dies into the wall, the left springs from chamfered respond with moulded impost. Inner end to Library Square is of 2 orders, both chamfered and springing from responds with moulded capitals and bases. Interior vaulted with chamfered ribs springing from moulded corbels. Scheduled Ancient Monument.

(City of York: RCHME: The Central Area: HMSO: 1981-: 93).
Listing NGR: SE6005652059

Derived from English Heritage LB download dated: 22/08/2005

Sources/Archives (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (5)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Feb 5 2021 3:34PM


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