Monument record MYO4341 - Romano-British stock enclosures?

Summary

The features in this site form a smaller, less obviously organised layout than the larger settlement to the north (MYO4340). The large ditch and features identified may be part of an enclosure – albeit not clearly defined on the geophysical survey - and support the idea of these features functioning as a stock corral, in an area given over to pasture and seasonal animal movement. The low quantities of finds and burnt bone do not suggest any intensive occupation in this area and could easily have derived from manuring of the fields. The burnt cereal grains recovered from a palaeoenvironmental sample are heavily abraded and do not necessary reflect on-site processing of grain. For the date of this site, the small amounts of pottery and CBM that were recovered seem Romano-British and therefore this site is currently thought to represent a later phase of activity in the area.

Location

Grid reference Centred SE 5664 4819 (120m by 136m)
Map sheet SE54NE
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire

Map

Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Four inter-connected, sub-rectangular enclosures
measuring approximately 40–50m in length
x 30m wide were observed. They were organised in a semicircular,
crescent shaped formation, with the
long axis generally aligned east-west. On at
least two of the enclosures the western (short)
return is missing, effectively making them
three sided. Given the curving arrangement
of the enclosures and the potential offshoot
boundary ditch located in Trench 7, the
possibility exists that the settlement formerly
extended to the east, beyond the current site,
where a modern housing estate now exists.
The excavation work confirmed what the
suggestions of the geophysics plot - that the
outer ditches of the rectangular enclosures
were considerably wider and deeper than
the ditches associated with the smaller
internal features. This may normally indicate a
defensive function, however given the open
nature of the features on the ‘outside’ edge of
the arrangement and the potential evidence
for an external bank, this may not be the case.
The smaller enclosures, were uniformly
sited at the centre of the larger feature, and
measured approximately 20m across. There
was no dating evidence, and there was no
obvious signs of a central hearth or post holes.
This, coupled with their size, may exclude a
structural interpretation of these features –
unless plough truncation has played a role in
removing shallower remains.

Sources/Archives (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Feb 6 2019 1:17PM

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