Monument record MYO2071 - Tenement 30 (89 Low Petergate)


This tenement was the second toft of the prebend of Bramham, lying next to Tenement 29, and bordered on the south east by a lane which led from Petergate to Patrickpool belonging to the tenement of the Langton family (Tenement 31), and so known as Langton Lane (modern Ayer's Yard) (3).


Grid reference Centred SE 60376 51985 (53m by 45m)
Map sheet SE65SW
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire


Type and Period (0)

Full Description

Like Tenement 29, in 1276 Tenement 30 was part of St Peter's Liberty belonging to the prebend of Bramham (1). Like Tenement 29 it also owed an annual rent of 2s. 8d. to the prior of St Oswald of Nostell, the prebendary of Bramham, which is mentioned in both 1290 and 1478 (2, 3, 11). A number of free rents were due from the tenement to mediate lords (3), but by 1231 the tenement was held, and possibly occupied by John of Paris (2), and it was presumably his heir, John de Paris, merchant, who was stillthe tenant in 1276 (1), and who granted it to Henry de Mileford in 1290(3, 4). In 1292 it was acquired by the vicars choral who used it to endow the chantry of Dean
William de Langton at the altar of St Edward in York Minster, to which the tenement was worth 56s. 8d. in 1364 (10).

On 3 July 1231 Henry de Irton, Katherine his wife, Henry de Barlit and Maud his wife granted to Robert Boistard 20s. rent in York, to be received annually from John of Paris and his heirs for the tenement which John of Paris formerly held of them. Robert and his heirs were to hold the tenement of the prior of St Oswald, his successors and his church, paying annually 32d. John of Paris was present and admitted he owed the 20s. rent (2).

On 8 May 1290 John de Parys, merchant (mercerius), granted Tenement 30 to Henry de Milford, to hold of the prior of St Oswald, the chief lord, for 2s. 8d. a year, and for 6d. a year to the abbot of St Mary's, 17s. 4d. a year to Elene de Bolingbroke, and one rose to John de Parys. It was described as land which lay in length from Petergate before towards the east to the land of Simon de Baggergate the west, and in width between the land of Richard de Craven towards the north (Tenement 29) and an ancient lane which lay between this land and the land of Nicholas de Langton towards the south (3,4).

Almost immediately Henry de Mileford started the action necessary to alienate this land in mortmain to the vicars choral for the sustenance of two chaplains to pray for the soul of William de Langton. The subsequent inquisition ad quod dampnum, dated 7 November 1290, found that Tenement 30 owed rents, as described in Paris' charter, and husgable to the king, and was worth 40s. a year in addition to these farms. The tenement came under the assize and recognition of the liberty of St Peter. However the jurors alleged that such an alienation might damage the crown's interests if the
inhabitants of the messuages refused to accept that they were subject to tallage for that trade which they conducted outside their tenements, as other neighbours (vicini) were (5). A licence to alienate was granted in August 1292 and Mileford finally transferred the property to the vicars choral in September 1292 (6, 7).

In May 1315 Tenement 30 was described as the tenement formerly of John de Parys which the vicars choral then held, and subsequently it was usually described as the land belonging to the chantry at the altar of St Edward in York Minster (8, 9). By 1364 Tenement 30 was worth 56s. 8d. after outgoings, to the custodian of the chantry, who was then Dominus William de Gerreford, vicar (10).

In c. 1478 the priory of St Oswald at Nostell still received 32d. from the vicar of the altar of St Edward for a tenement in Petergate (11).

1 YML, L2/1 pt iv, fos 43v 44; L2/2a, fo 21r v, (see extract
and translation above).
2 Yorkshire Fines 1218 1231, 151
3 YML, VC 3/Vi 325
4 Abutment from Tenement 29; BL, Cotton MS Nero D iii, fo
5 PRO, C.143/14/12. Writ 30 Sep. 1290
6 Cal. Pat 1281 92, p.506
7 YML, L2/2a, fo 75v; M2/4g, fo 14; VC 3/Vo 5
8 Abutment from Tenement 31; YCA, G.1a
9 Abutment from Tenement 29; BL, Cotton MS Nero D iii, fo
134v, 136
10 YML, M2/4g, fo 39
11 Lancaster, 'A 15th century rental of Nostell Priory',134

Sarah Rees Jones, 1987, Property, tenure and rents: some aspects of the topography and economy of medieval York (Unpublished document). SYO1072.

Sources/Archives (1)

  • --- Unpublished document: Sarah Rees Jones. 1987. Property, tenure and rents: some aspects of the topography and economy of medieval York.

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

May 21 2020 1:47PM


Your feedback is welcome; if you can provide any new information about this record, please contact the City Archaeologist.