EYO6 - Archaeological Evaluation Adams Hydraulics, Peasholme Green Phase 2

Type

EVALUATION

Location

Location Adams Hydraulics, Peasholme Green
Grid reference Centred SE 6086 5200 (112m by 132m)
Map sheet SE65SW
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire

Technique(s)

Organisation

York Archaeological Trust

Date

Nov - 1990

Map

Description

A second phase of evaluation was carried out over four weeks in October and November 1990. 23 trenches were excavated on the north-eastern third of the site A15/D1 - A26, D2 to D12. In addition 15 boreholes were drilled in a line running south-west to north-east at the south-eastern side of the site to establish the depth of undisturbed natural deposits and to determine the sequence of events in an area believed to have formed part of the Kings Fishpool. In the three phases of evaluation on this site (EYO02, EYO06 and EYO012) have shown that: There is a possibility of pre-historic occupation on the site. This is suggested by a deposit containing charcoal and burnt clay indicative of occupation immediately above natural deposits and below dated Roman features. Worked flint was discovered redeposited in Roman and later deposits from all three phases of work. Extensive Roman deposits were encountered, including a well made cobble surface and evidence of pottery manufacture nearby, suggesting that the site is likely to contain a well preserved part of the industrial suburb supplying the legionary fortress. Some indication of Anglo-Scandinavian occupation in the vicinity was provided by the location of a cess pit of this date. Excavations showed that the surface of the natural deposits differed greatly from those at the street frontage of Peasholme Green and the south-eastern part of the site near to the River Foss. The natural topography showed the naturally low lying nature of the area, approximately three-quarters of which was later occupied by the King's Fishpool. 14th-15th century buildings fronting the street and a contemporary cobble surface demonstrated the survival of medieval deposits at the street front. Wicker structures of this date were found close to the present day River Foss. The King's Fishpool appears to have been backfilled in the post-medieval period and the area used for agricultural purposes. No structures of this date were encountered, only a ditch and four pits. Dumping took place to the north-east of the site when the River Foss was canalised in the 18th century, and further dumping levelled the south eastern part of the site before industrial buildings were constructed on the site in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Sources/Archives (4)

  • --- Unpublished document: 1990. Report on an Archaeological Evaluation at Adams Hydraulics Peaseholme Green York (Phase 2).
  • --- Website: York Archaeological Trust. York Archive Gazeteer.
  • --- Serial: P Ottaway. 2011. The Archaeology of York 6/2 Archaeology in the Environs of Roman York.
  • --- Unassigned: NMR. NMR data.

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

  • Roman Pottery and Tile production area, Peaseholme Green (Monument)

Parent/preceding Site Events/Activities (2)

  • Archaeological Evaluation at Adams Hydraulics, York, Phase 3 (Ref: 1990-91.13)
  • Adams Hydraulics, Peasholme Green Phase 1 (Ref: 1990-91.13)

Record last edited

Mar 25 2020 1:48PM

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