EYO5628 - York Engineers Triangle site Cinder Lane off Leeman Road phase 1 and 2




Location York Engineers Triangle site Cinder Lane off Leeman Road
Grid reference Centred SE 5933 5150 (39m by 43m)
Map sheet SE55SE
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire








Site code: YET11. Trial trenching evaluation to test the Engineers' Triangle site for archaeological remains generally, but specifcilaly to test the extent of survival of several railway engine sheds of mid-19th century date. The work recorded no deposits of proven pre-industrial era date, although Roman and medieval artefacts were recovered as residual items in later strata. The main findings of the work were the exceptionally well-preserved floors of two roundhouse engine sheds, along with the less well-preserved remains of a third (the earliest roundhouse at the site) and a 'straight' shed dating from 1841, this the earliest structure to be located. Taylor-Wilson R & Proctor J/2012/An Archaeological Evaluation at York Engineers' Triangle, York Railway Station, Cinder Lane, York. Site code: YES12. Three trial trenches to test the degree of survival of three corners of the 1841 Engine Shed. The Phase 2 evaluation comprised three trial trenches (Trenches 8, 9 and 10) that specifically targeted three corners of the 1841 Engine Shed. Trench 8 was sited to target the north-western corner, Trench 9 was sited to target the north-eastern corner and Trench 10 was sited to target the south-eastern corner. The broad aim of the work was to determine the full extant footprint of the 1841 Engine Shed and to determine the degree of preservation of sub-surface structural elements. The Phase 2 evaluation established that, at each location investigated, sub-surface structural remains of the 1841 Engine Shed survive to an exceptional degree. The external brick wall of the building and associated surfaces and drainage structures were recorded in all three trenches. Elements of inspection pits and track that would have formed part of the northernmost road running through the shed were recorded in Trenches 8 and 9. In Trenches 9 and 10, on the eastern corners of the building, the minimum depth at which structural remains were encountered was 0.41m (at a maximum height of 12.77m OD) and in general they lay within 0.52m of the existing ground surface. In Trench 8, on the north-western corner, structural remains were encountered at a depth of just 50mm below existing ground level at the eastern extent of the trench (at a maximum height of 12.77m OD) and a depth of 0.41m at the western extent of the trench. The work therefore established that the 1841 Engine Shed measured c. 46.80m (153ft 6in) WNW-ESE by c. 16.40m (53ft 10in) NNE-SSW, identical to the dimensions depicted on the 1892 Ordnance Survey map and at precisely the same location. Information from NMR. NMR source PCA Goode A/2012/An Archaeological Evaluation (Phase 2) at York Engineers' Triangle, York Railway Station, Cinder Lane, York.

Sources/Archives (3)

  • --- Unpublished document: Ramboll and PCA Ltd. 2012. York Engineers Triangle Cinder Lane Off Leeman Road York. Phase 1.
  • --- Unassigned: NMR. NMR data.
  • --- Unpublished document: PCA. 2012. An Archaeological Evaluaton (Phase 2) at York Engineers Triangle, Cinder Lane.

Related Monuments/Buildings (4)

  • Engine Shed 1841 (Monument)
  • Roundhouse c1852 (demolished (Monument)
  • Roundhouse, 1851 (excavated site) (Monument)
  • Roundhouse, constructed 1864 (demolished) (Monument)

Record last edited

Feb 19 2021 1:09PM


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