EYO311 - Huntington South Moor




Location Huntington South Moor
Grid reference Centred SE 6232 5457 (360m by 256m)
Map sheet SE65SW
Civil Parish Huntington, City of York, North Yorkshire
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire



York Archaeological Trust


Mar/June - 2003



York Archaeological Trust undertook the excavation of a 3.4ha block of development land at Monks Cross (Huntington South Moor), York, between March and June of 2003. Parts of a prehistoric landscape that included at least one Neolithic pit and a curvilinear ditch (possibly for an enclosure) were revealed in the south-eastern part of the site. To the north of this part of a major landscape boundary, a pit alignment of probable Bronze Age or Iron Age origin, was examined. Later re-defined by a broad shallow cut, this boundary remained visible until at least the 2nd century AD. A cluster of pits and small post-holes together with two small ring-gullies - probably hay stack or hay rick gullies may also be of prehistoric date, though were located within the limits of a Roman camp. Substantial parts of an early-mid 2nd century AD Roman camp, Camp 1, were surveyed and excavated. The camp proved to have been marked out with considerable geometric accuracy to precise measurements (in Roman feet), though the encompassing ditch had been cut with less precision and finesse. Evidence was found to indicate that this camp was short-lived and was subsequently slighted with parts of the rampart being backfilled into the ditch. It is proposed that this camp was of a temporary nature and not created as a practice work. With a greater degree of speculation, it is suggested that the military and historical context for the camp may be one in which troops and supplies were mustered around the legionary fortress at York prior to campaigning in the north in the reign of Hadrian. An adjacent Roman camp, Camp 2, together with other examples at Bootham Stray, may have had the same purpose. NMR Information: Excavation revealed parts of a prehistoric landscape, including at least one Neolithic pit, a curvilinear ditch, a probable Bronze Age pit alignment, a cluster of pits and small post holes and two small ring gullies. Substantial parts of an early-mid 2nd century Roman camp were excavated and surveyed.

Sources/Archives (2)

  • --- Unpublished document: YAT. 2003. Huntington South Moor.
  • --- Unassigned: NMR. NMR data.

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

  • Roman Camp 1 Huntington South Moor (Monument)

Child/subsequent Site Events/Activities (2)

  • Land to the South of Monks Cross, York (Ref: YORYM:2000.574)
  • Huntington South Moor (Ref: YORYM:2000.574)

Record last edited

Jul 9 2019 12:44PM


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