Monument record MYO165 - Nether Poppleton Village
No summary available.
|Grid reference||SE 5619 5500 (point)|
Type and Period (1)
The origins of the settlement date back around 4000 years, suggested by the recovery of a perforated
stone axe-hammer found in the parish. Recent aerial photography has also shown areas of ditched
enclosures in Poppleton. These may be attributed to Iron Age use of the landscape, around 2600 years
ago. The aerial evidence suggests thinly spread family farmsteads sited amongst the enclosures and
surviving on a mixed farming economy. Archaeological finds have indicated the existence of a "villastyle" farmstead during Roman times and the village(s) continued to exist throughout the Viking and Saxon periods. By 972 AD, documents mention Poppleton by name and certain areas of land were in
ecclesiastical hands. In the Domesday Book of 1086 the two separate villages of Nether and Upper
Poppleton are mentioned. From Norman to Tudor times, the Archbishop of York and the Abbot of St
Mary's, York owned some of the land, the rest being in the possession of Lords of the Manor. Their
dwellings consisted of a manor house behind the present All Saints' Church Hall and a moated manor
house at the rear of St Everilda's Church. The village of Nether Poppleton developed westwards from
the Church along Church Lane and Main Street, where there was a ferry crossing. Both villages
burgeoned during the industrial revolution with the advent of the railway, a station was built
connecting the villages to both York and Harrogate and had substantial goods and coal depot
facilities. This transport connection was the catalyst for major change and development throughout
the 20th Century creating the modern co-joined village of Poppleton today. (Heritage, Deign and Access Statment, for application 16/02887/FUL)
The village began with the construction of a monastic site during the 7th century, this appears to have
developed into a large complex of buildings, which during the 11th century led to the deliberate planned construction of the village along Church lane.
The large complex of buildings would appear to have developed into a manorial complex with the construction of a moated manor site during the 12th century. Following the Dissolution we see further construction, with the movement of the manor house from the moated site to a new position to the
southeast. The ‘Tithe Barn’ was possibly built at the same time. There then follows during the 17th and 18th centuries a period of widespread rebuilding of earlier timber framed buildings in brick and a which point we see the construction of a new manor house and the abandonment and demolition of
the Tudor manor house (SYO192 evaluation).
2003, Poppleton Village Design Statement (Unpublished document). SYO1727.
Wessex Archaeology, 2005, Nether Poppleton, City of York, Yorkshire- Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results (Unpublished document). SYO192.
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Record last edited
Sep 28 2017 1:14PM